The area around South Caradon Mine’s Jope’s shaft in maps and images
The rescuing of the old ‘Views of South Caradon’ website has just gained an additional purpose . I will be assisting a mining history group interpret this amazing Cornish mining landscape in a couple months time, so this posts will build towards a resource for their visit.
Jope’s shaft is a fascinating little corner of South Caradon Mine. It is South Caradon’s most westerly shaft on the rich-long run of southern lodes, located on the eastern slopes of the valley at the bottom end of the Seaton Coombe.
The shaft can boast having the most complete engine house structure on the mine, despite of its cloak of Ivy. However, it also possess one of least well preserved engine houses, no more than a mere pile of masonry hidden among the trees.
This is shaft with some historic remains, for this is where William West built the last man engine in Cornwall. It is also where he may have built one of the rare examples of a Sim’s compound engine.
Jope’s Shaft in Maps
Jope’s Shaft area in 1863
This extract of Brenton Symons’s 1863 map shows the pumping house as P.E and whim engine as W.E. Lodes are shown by the red lines and the cross-course by light grey. The shaft is shown sunk pm Jope’s Lode, close west of the cross-course.
The ‘View of South Caradon map’
Not the most cartographic accurate map I know, and the style is definitely leaning towards the ‘simplistic’, but this map rescued from my now long-dead website shows well the features around the shaft. One omission is the possible site of a steam capstan engine on the shaft side of the boiler house.
Ordnance Survey 2018
The 2018 map shows the engine house, boiler house, and magazine; it does not however show the chimney and remains of winding engine house.
Click here for full map>
The engine house and stack are clear, but the whim/man engine and the linking trench are hidden beneath the line of trees.
1886 OS Map
Cornwall XXVIII.SW (includes: St Cleer.) Surveyed: 1881 to 1882
The National Library of Scotland have an excellent version of this map on-line. But, unfortunately due to copyright restrictions this cannot be re-produced here.
Click here to view map>
Some structures in the area
This small structure lies to the north-east of the engine house. It would have housed the gunpowder required by the miners for blasting.
The steam Capstan
On the south side of the boiler house are some loadings and a pit that may have been associated with some sort of machinery. The Minions Survey suggests that this may have been the site of a small steam capstan. If so, this is another link with William West, who introduced the use of steam capstans in Devon and Cornwall. This part of the remains has undergone some changes as part of the Caradon Hill project building stabilization work.
A Victorian Map of the area
Brenton Symons’s 1863 map of the Liskeard mining district is available in Kindle Format, and it is free for those with Kindle Unlimited.
Click here to visit the book’s page on Amazon>